The elbow joint functions like a hinge joint moving the arm in flexion/extension and rotation. The biceps muscle is the major muscle that flexes the forearm at the elbow. The triceps muscle is the major muscle that extends the forearm at the elbow. The outer bone of the elbow is referred to as the lateral epicondyle and is the attachment site for many forearm muscles. These tendons can be injured, causing inflammation or tendonitis, which when occurring at the outer potion of the elbow is referred to as "tennis elbow."
The inner portion of the elbow is a bony prominence called the medial epicondyle. Additional tendons from the muscles of the forearm are attached here can be injured, causing medial epicondylitis, or "golfer's elbow." The muscles of the forearm when overused or strained can cause entrapment of the nerves and radiate pain/numbness into the hand.
Another common injury to the elbow is Triceps tendonitis, it is commonly seen in athletes and people who repetitively overuse and strain the triceps muscle. Regular use of the triceps muscle for vigorous activities such as throwing, using a hammer, or lifting weights (pushing or overhead activities) can also cause this condition. The root cause of triceps tendonitis is recurrent trauma to the tendon that occurs during certain movements of the elbow under stress. This stress can cause inflammation in the tendon which results in pain located in the elbow.
Symptoms of elbow pain can be
Pain/tenderness at the lateral and medial elbow
Pain/tenderness at the back of the elbow
Numbness/tingling into the hand
Snapping/clicking/popping of the elbow joint
Painful range of motion
At Topeka Sports & Family Chiropractic we conduct a complete assessment of your elbow utilizing movement based tests as well as orthopedic tests to determine the cause of your elbow pain. Our therapy consists of manual therapies to provide relief combined with rehabilitation exercises. If you are experiencing any elbow pain or discomfort, give us a call at 785-730-8555.